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The media focused on "2018 college entrance examination reform": What did the new college entrance examination bring?

Release time: 2018-06-07
Views: 537

媒体聚焦“2018年高考改革”:新高考带来了什么

On June 5th, Anhui Province Fuyang No. 3 Middle School Senior High School (24) students were pleased to receive the admission examination certificate for the 2018 college entrance examination in Anhui Province. 


媒体聚焦“2018年高考改革”:新高考带来了什么

On the afternoon of June 6, China Education News, a middle school affiliated to the China University of Geosciences, lined up to hug students who are about to go to the examination room.


媒体聚焦“2018年高考改革”:新高考带来了什么

On the evening of June 5, the Environmental Protection Bureau of Shapingba District of Chongqing City carried out a nighttime surprise investigation and used a noise detector to detect noise pollution on a construction site to create a good college entrance examination environment.


This year is the second year of the implementation of the new college entrance examination in Shanghai and Zhejiang, and also the key period for the reform of the second batch of pilot provinces – Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong and Hainan. What new adjustments have been made to the college entrance examination reform in Shanghai and Zhejiang this year? What are the new trends in the reform of the college entrance examination in Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong and Hainan? What new requirements and new challenges have the college entrance examination reform brought to colleges, high schools and students everywhere? The reporter conducted in-depth interviews in various places.

New trends in reform: more talents are selected

In addition to the unified college entrance examination enrollment and individual examination enrollment, this year's 50 colleges and universities in Zhejiang Province and 9 high-level universities such as Peking University, Tsinghua University and Zhejiang University participated in Zhejiang “three in one” enrollment.

 

The "three in one" college entrance examination enrollment reform, that is, the candidates' test scores, college test scores and college entrance examination scores, converted into a comprehensive score according to a certain proportion, and finally selected candidates according to the comprehensive score. In 2018, Zhejiang Province expects to enroll more than 10,000 people through the “three in one”. The earliest recruiting person in charge of Zhejiang University of Technology who tried the "three in one" enrollment method said that the "three in one" comprehensive evaluation of the college entrance examination enrollment system will help colleges to select and tap into potential students.

 

The main change in Tianjin's college entrance examination this year is the merger of one or two batches of undergraduate admissions. Sun Zhiliang, deputy director of the Tianjin Education Commission and dean of the Tianjin Education Admissions Examination Institute, said that the move aims to further promote education equity, which is not only conducive to guiding more students to choose colleges and majors according to their own interests and specialties, but also beneficial to each Colleges and universities compete for the same students and create a fairer admission environment, which will enable candidates and universities to achieve "win-win". It is understood that the reform of the Tianjin college entrance examination includes improving the high school level examination system, using the comprehensive quality evaluation as an important reference for students to enter higher education, and promoting the enrollment of higher vocational colleges.

 

Compared with previous years, the biggest change in the Beijing college entrance examination is that English listening has been completed in advance. This change has greatly reduced the burden on candidates and schools. Cao Yanyan, president of Beijing Daxie Middle School, said: "This year's Beijing college entrance examination English listening has been tested twice in advance, and the children have basically scored their ideal scores. It is easier to enter the examination room tomorrow than before, and the pressure on the school to prepare for the exam is much smaller. ”

 

The comprehensive reform of the college entrance examination in Shandong Province was launched this year. The pilot colleges and universities based on the results of the college entrance examination, the high school level test scores and the college examination results, according to a certain proportion of the formation of candidates comprehensive results. A total of 5,000 enrollment plans from 12 universities participated in the pilot. The key points of the reform of the college entrance examination in Shandong include improving the general high school level examination system, establishing and standardizing the comprehensive quality evaluation system for high school students, deepening the summer college entrance examination reform, and deepening the spring college entrance examination reform.


New challenges in colleges and universities: higher requirements for professional features


Recently, China Education Online released the "2018 High-Study Survey Report". The "Report" shows that the new college entrance examination has brought many beneficial effects to high schools and universities.

 

Taking the change of the new college entrance examination rules as an example, not only the admission batches were cancelled, but also the mode of “professional + university” was adopted for the admission of Zhejiang New College Entrance Examination, which emphasized the professional characteristics of colleges and universities. This new system design effectively breaks the boundaries of the original "985" and "211" engineering universities, and provides opportunities for universities with distinctive academic characteristics.

 

When the first stage of the 2017 college entrance examination in Zhejiang was filed, some of the original “two colleges” were in a section, and some of their professional investment scores even exceeded the “985” and “211” engineering universities.

 

While the new college entrance examination provides counter-attack opportunities for ordinary colleges with strong academic characteristics, it also sounds the alarm for some high-level universities whose advantages are not obvious.

 

In the 2017 Zhejiang college entrance examination, some of the original “985” and “211” engineering colleges have a large gap in the professional investment scores. In the same school, the difference between the highest and minimum investment lines in each major is 60 points. There are many. For example, Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has a professional score of 65 points; Northeast Normal University has a professional score of 61 points; Southwest Jiaotong University has a professional score of 55 points.

 

"This will also stimulate and encourage universities to continuously optimize the professional layout and pay more attention to the construction of professional connotation." Chen Zhiwen, editor-in-chief of China Education Online, said.

 

At the same time, Zhang Zhiyong, the first-level inspector of the Shandong Provincial Education Department, believes that the reform of the college entrance examination in Shandong emphasizes the enhancement of the relationship between colleges and high school education. The key system design is the selection of colleges and universities, the selection of high school, and the high-level students' comprehensive quality. Admission system. The so-called "college selection" means that colleges and universities according to the profession determine the subjects that high school students must apply for in this major. This is an important manifestation of respecting the autonomy of college admissions. The so-called "high school electives", that is, high school students must apply for a certain major in colleges and universities, they must choose to study the required subjects in colleges and universities. This is the full respect for the rules of high school education and the right to self-learning of high school students. It also means specializing in diversified schooling. The road will become an inevitable choice for high school education.


New requirements for high school: deepening the development of curriculum reform

Although the college entrance examination will be ushered in only one week, Yuan Yuhua, a high school student at Hangzhou Changhe High School, still maintains a normal routine. At present, she has passed the school entrance examination of the Academy of Fine Arts of Tsinghua University, and the results of the selection of the cultural course are also very satisfactory, so she is full of confidence in the college entrance examination Yuan Yuhua.

 

This year, Changhe High School has a total of more than 560 students, nearly half of whom have passed the Trinity Admissions Test in Zhejiang Province. The Trinity tests the overall strength of the students. He Dongtao, the president of the school, believes that it is the school that unswervingly deepens the curriculum reform and allows students to “pick up the peaches”. According to the selection of the “7-Select 3” of the Zhejiang New College Entrance Examination, there are 35 combinations for students to choose. Changhe Middle School has opened 35 kinds of courses, and the least selected group has only 4 students, but the school still starts classes. In some schools, the number of candidates for the school is very small, and the number of candidates for the school is more than half.

 

"This is a test of teachers' ability to manage class shifts." Fang Naifeng, the leader of the third-grade team, told reporters that the method they used was that after a teacher encountered a problem, he analyzed it in a specific case and found a solution and used it for 10 minutes. Time is shown to the companions. In this way, the teachers of the whole year group can work together and warm up.

 

Han Xianghe, the principal of Shandong Experimental Middle School, believes that the comprehensive reform of the college entrance examination in Shandong is conducive to the expansion of the space for independent development of schools. In the past year, Shandong Experimental High School has concentrated on top-level design and is fully prepared for the soft landing of the comprehensive reform of the college entrance examination. The school has completed the overall structure of the simulation selection report and the 2017-level teaching model. It has successively issued the “Establishment Plan for the Course Selection” and the “Implementation Plan for the Career Planning Course”, and published the first school self-written career education textbook in Shandong Province. . The school curriculum construction center was also set up to sort out and upgrade the national curriculum, elective courses, and moral education courses, and gradually established a "forward-looking, continuous, all-round, open-ended" curriculum system to meet the continuous development of students. New demand.


New changes for students: comprehensive and multi-personal development


With the advancement of Beijing education deepening comprehensive reform, the mentality of students treating college entrance examinations is changing. Wang Yuping, the principal of the affiliated middle school of China University of Geosciences, said: "Now the children feel that the college entrance examination is just a farewell to the school, not to bid farewell to learning. The college entrance examination is only one of the many challenges in life."

 

Guan Wenjie, the president of Shanghai Jiading No. 1 Middle School, found that under the new college entrance examination pattern, colleges, high schools and even the whole society advocate the diversified development of students. Students actively participate in research-based learning, and connect their knowledge with the outside world. Students are more confident and self-identified. “Students are not utilitarian to do research on the subject, in an atmosphere of advocating innovation and encouraging research, they will participate involuntarily, which is extremely important for the future development of people.” Guan Wenjie said.

 

 

Among the students who graduated from Jiading No.1 Middle School in Shanghai last year, there is a small team dedicated to solving the “last mile” problem of transportation around the school. The research methods include mathematical modeling, interviews with traffic authorities and community families, and come up with A valuable reference report. "This is the most remarkable place for the Shanghai New College Entrance Examination." Guan Wenjie said.

 

Shandong Experimental High School has improved the classification and stratification of class-based shifting, and strengthened the integration of educational resources and teaching models. Each year, more than 20 academicians and university professors enter the campus to report to students, broaden their horizons and cultivate students' interest. The university's pre-requisite courses, “Shanda Innovation Class” and “Innovation Class of China University of Science and Technology” were established, which were extensively expanded in terms of the breadth and depth of lectures. Through various levels of competitions to provide opportunities for students with different needs, expand the space for students to grow and become talented, and meet the needs of students' all-round development and individualized development.




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