Service Hotline 0755-81766642

People’s Daily: It’s time to popularize High School education.

Release time: 2017-04-20
Views: 149

People's Daily: It is time to popularize high school education. In the national education system, high school is a special stage. It is not only an important link connecting nine-year compulsory education and higher education, but also a key period for the formation and independent development of students' personality. It is also a basic project to improve the overall quality of the people and build a strong country of human resources. The popularization of high school education by 2020 is the clear goal of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee and the National 13th Five-Year Plan. According to the data, the gross enrollment rate of high school education in the country reached 87.5% in 2016. In the remaining time, it is necessary to achieve the goal of popularizing more than 90% of the gross enrollment rate.

 

In this regard, the Ministry of Education, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and other four departments jointly issued the "High School Education Popularization Plan (2017-2020)" (hereinafter referred to as "the Plan"), During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, China's popularization of high school education has carried out systematic design and overall planning.

 

Hold the bottom of poor areas in the central and western regions

 

A high school student in a remote mountainous area may not imagine how advanced the high school campus in a big city. Similarly, children in a developed area are hard to understand. In the poor and poor areas, it is not a high school. Easy thing.

 

Regional imbalances are a major problem for education; poverty-stricken areas in the central and western regions are the biggest shortcomings in popularizing high school education. For example, in Guangxi, although the educational landscape has changed a lot in recent years, compared with the national average, the gap is still not small: the general high school degree is insufficient, the large class is 50.6%, of which 28.9% is the super-large class; Uncoordinated, the general employment ratio is 7:3; the funding input guarantee mechanism is not perfect, the ordinary high school debt balance is 2 billion yuan; the total number of teachers is insufficient, and the number of teachers is about 13,000...

 

“At present, the gross enrollment rate of high school education in most provinces in China has reached more than 90%, and only 9 provinces have a gross enrollment rate below 90%, mainly concentrated in the central and western regions, of which 3 provinces are below 85%." Lv Yugang, director of the Department of Basic Education of the Ministry of Education, said: "Therefore, the "plan" is to support the bottom of high school education in the poor areas of the central and western regions, ethnic areas, remote areas, and revolutionary old areas."

 

How to "trust"? Du Xiaoli of the Shanghai Academy of Educational Sciences believes that on the one hand, it is necessary to solve the problem of “learning”. The state and local governments should support the expansion of educational resources and improve the conditions for running schools through the implementation of a number of major engineering projects. For example, continue to implement the “Ordinary High School Reconstruction Project” in the “National High School Construction Project with Weak Education Bases” to support the renovation and expansion of ordinary high schools in poverty-stricken areas. , the configuration of books and teaching equipment and sports facilities and other ancillary facilities. On the other hand, we must solve the problem of “can afford” and improve the level of precision funding for students. It is necessary to implement the policy of exempting tuition and miscellaneous fees for students with family economic difficulties such as ordinary high school documents, gradually classify and promote secondary vocational education to exempt from tuition and miscellaneous fees, and raise the national bursary support standard for secondary vocational education, so as to prevent one student from dropping out of school due to family economic difficulties.

 

In addition, the shortage of teachers is also urgently needed to be resolved. According to the standard of 1:1 teachers and students in high school, in 2015, there were more than 57,000 teachers in the general high schools in the poverty-stricken areas of the central and western regions, and the number of provinces with the largest number of missing students was 17,000.” Northeast Normal University China Rural Education Zhai Zhihui, dean of the Development Research Institute, said: "In the case of relatively scarce resources, teachers can even make up for the lack of hardware allocation to a certain extent. Therefore, it must be adapted to the needs of universalization and comprehensive reform of the college entrance examination according to the unified standards for urban and rural development. To verify the establishment, and at the same time strengthen the overall deployment of teachers in the county, explore the establishment of inter-school teacher sharing mechanisms, and revitalize teachers' resources."

 

Let the general enrollment scale be roughly the same

 

"Do everything possible to go to high school, rather than die in the middle school." Parents and students with this mentality are not uncommon in the current society. Some people dismissive of the secondary vocational school, some of the secondary vocational schools are less attractive, and the development of secondary vocational education in some areas lags behind. This is the status quo of high school education and the difficulty of breaking through. In this regard, the "Plan" proposes: coordinating the coordinated development of ordinary high school education and secondary vocational education, optimizing the structure of high school education, and increasing the enrollment ratio of secondary vocational education, so that the scale of general enrollment is roughly the same.

 

Statistics show that there are currently 10,900 secondary vocational schools (including ordinary secondary schools, adult secondary schools, vocational high schools and technical schools), with a total of 15.9732 million students, accounting for only 40.25% of high school students. In the fast-growing industries such as manufacturing, high-speed railway, e-commerce, logistics and transportation, 70% of the newly added employees come from vocational schools. It can be said that vocational school students are in short supply in the face of modern industrial development.

 

"Developing secondary vocational education must first solve the problem of understanding and firmly establish the important position of vocational education in the national talent training system." Yang Jin, director of the Institute of Vocational and Technical Education of the Ministry of Education, said: "The development of secondary vocational education is not only a docking industry.

 

How can we make secondary vocational education really strong? Zhou Wei, deputy director of the Department of Vocational Education and Adult Education of the Ministry of Education, said that it is necessary to expand the resources of secondary vocational education in poverty-stricken areas in the central and western regions, especially in areas where special hardships are concentrated, so that junior high school graduates who have not entered ordinary high schools have the opportunity to enter. Exploring the government's purchase of services, solving the problem of the shortage of "double-type" teachers in secondary vocational schools; implementing the general employment, establishing a unified enrollment platform for secondary vocational schools and ordinary high schools, expanding the regional scope and enrollment scale of high-quality secondary vocational enrollment; exploring development Comprehensive high school, establish a common high school and secondary vocational cooperation mechanism, explore curriculum mutual elections, mutual recognition of credits, and resource exchange; promote the integration of production and education, and concentrate on building a number of high-level vocational schools.

 

Achieve high quality and connotation

 

The popularity of high school education is not only reflected in quantity but also in quality.

 

"On the basis of ensuring the degree of popularization, it is necessary to reflect the comprehensive scientific concept of universalization and prevent the simple pursuit of the increase in quantity and scale." Lv Yugang believes: "High school education is selective education, providing only degrees, unattractive, students are not willing to It is difficult to achieve the goal of universalization. It is necessary to make overall plans, specific goals of system design scale, quality, structure, conditions, and security, to achieve the conditions, quality, and security, so that students can come in and stay. Learn to gain something and grow into talent."

 

In fact, the one-school school, lack of connotation, single school-running mode, and inability to meet the personality development of students are a major drawback of high school education in China.

 

In response to these problems, the "Plan" will improve quality as one of the strengths of the attack, propose to deepen curriculum reform, strengthen the elective course construction, enhance the selectivity and suitability of the curriculum; establish a student development guidance system, strengthen the choice of students' courses, Guidance for further education; promote the comprehensive evaluation of school education quality, change the tendency to evaluate the quality of education simply by the rate of higher education, and give play to specific measures such as evaluating the correct orientation of education.

 

"The essence of running a school is to meet the needs of students' individuality development. Without a unique and diverse supply of courses, it is impossible to truly satisfy the individual development of students." Zhang Zhiyong, deputy director of the Shandong Provincial Department of Education, said: "This year, Shandong Province will start In the comprehensive reform of the college entrance examination, students can choose different examination subjects according to their own subject interests and career planning. Therefore, breaking the division of the original administrative classes, reorganizing classes, and implementing class selection and walking, become an inevitable choice. This is also an ordinary high school. The teachers, courses, facilities, management, evaluation, assessment, etc. have put forward new and higher requirements."


Related suggestion More
2017 - 04 - 20
The number of clicks: 149
People's Daily: It is time to popularize high school education. In the national education system, high school is a special stage. It is not only an important link connecting nine-year compulsory education and higher education, but also a key period for the formation and independent development of students' personality. It is also a basic project to improve the overall quality of the people and bui...
2014 - 07 - 01
The number of clicks: 114
Education Department of the Provincial, Autonomous Region, and Municipalities directly under the Central Government (Education Committee), Education Bureau of Xinjiang: In order to thoroughly implement the spirit of the 19th Party Congress and implement the fundamentals of students’ moral education, the Ministry of Education has revised and promulgated the "Standards for Senior High School Cu...
2014 - 07 - 01
The number of clicks: 112
Wu Guoping. Senior school teacher and Principle of Zhenhai Middle School. Master tutor of Ningbo University, chief instructor of Ningbo University President. Teacher of the middle school principal training center of the Ministry of Education, and Zhejiang Province educational inspector.  ■ President's column ·Education is the fulfillment of people. Zhenhai Middle School is a di...
2018 - 03 - 16
The number of clicks: 114
CCTV news: The 13th National People's Congress one press conference center held a press conference in the multi-purpose hall of the Media Center on the morning of March 16th. Chen Baoshen, the minister of Education answered questions from Chinese and foreign journalists on "Efforts to make every child have a fair and quality education". China Youth Daily reporter: Since the reform of the...
Shenzhen JR Senior High School  
AddressChina · Shenzhen · Bao'an District · No. 7 Chaoyang, Yanchuan Community, Songgang Street
Call:0755-81766642 / 0755-81765577
 
PhoneTeacher Tang 13392843326
Copyright ©2018 - 2020 Shenzhen JR Senior High School
Rhino cloud provides enterprise cloud services