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Campus Life Case

How to solve the school-enroll demand of migrant children from rural area in the country

Date: 2018-01-22
Views: 3465

Recently, Shenzhen held the first self-evaluation report meeting for public compulsory education degree construction for the first time, and promoted the district government and the new district management committee to accelerate the construction of public education for compulsory education. During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, Shenzhen plans to newly renovate and expand 170 public compulsory education schools, adding 210,000 compulsory education degrees.

 

In the past 38 years since the establishment of special economic zones, Shenzhen Education has carried forward the spirit of “dare to dare to test”. From the “thin base” of only 315 schools, it has developed into 2,440 schools, 2.071 million students and 187,000 faculty members. The education is strong, the scale of basic education is close to that of the North, and it is the solution to the needs of the largest children in the country.

 

In 2013, Shenzhen became the first batch of advanced cities in the province to promote education modernization. In the following year, it passed the first batch of national compulsory education development. “Strive to take the lead in realizing education modernization and explore the experience of education modernization in the province.” Zhang Jihong, director of the Shenzhen Municipal Education Bureau, said that as the “leader” in promoting the modernization of education in the province, Shenzhen Education will continue to enhance the public’s sense of education. Shenzhen builds a modern, international and innovative city and contributes to the creation of an international technology and industrial center.

 

In the past 5 years, 163,000 primary and secondary school degrees have been added.

 

“After the school upgrade, everything has changed greatly!” In the Nanzi District Shekou Yucai Education Group Taiziwan School, the sixth grade (4) class students and the accompanying children Zhan Rui just finished the Chinese painting class. She is happy to tell the reporter that the classroom is now more beautiful, the number of community courses has increased to more than 70, and at noon, I can read books and watch 3D movies in the library.

 

Originally, the Bay Primary School she attended was upgraded to a nine-year compulsory education public school in August 2017, and was renamed as Nanzi District Shekou Yucai Education Group Taiziwan School. It is a coastal school built in Nanshan District. The school has a courtyard-style design layout, and has built a special function room such as a ship museum and a future classroom for students to use around the clock. A special-level teacher workstation was also established to improve the faculty level and the school scale was increased to 60 classes.

 

“The school has upgraded in all directions, not only adding a publicly-run primary and secondary school degree, but also solving the needs of the children in the surrounding areas.” Wu Xilong, the president of the Taiziwan School, said that the proportion of students who moved to the school accounted for 60% of the primary school, in the first session. In the first grade of enrollment, the proportion is nearly 70%.

 

This is a vivid epitome of the expansion of Shenzhen's basic education and the improvement of its quality.

 

According to statistics, in the past five years, Shenzhen has added 163,000 primary and secondary school degrees and 173,000 kindergarten degrees. More than 70% of compulsory education degrees are offered to non-local students. The standardization rate of public compulsory education standard schools is 100%, and the number of senior teachers and special teachers ranks first in the province.

 

“Especially, the number of new students in 2017 has reached a new high in five years, with 40,000 public compulsory education degrees, 6,600 high school degrees, and 20,000 new kindergarten degrees, achieving a goal of a community-wide Pratt & Whitney Park.” Shenzhen According to the relevant person in charge of the Municipal Education Bureau, Shenzhen pays attention to the balanced development of education, implements the per capita appropriation system, and implements uniform standards for the configuration of facilities and equipment for primary and secondary schools. At the same time, the city's primary and secondary schools "100 schools to help the school" action, through the compulsory education stage school level supervision and evaluation, teachers flexible exchanges, promote the success of each school.

 

The person in charge revealed that Shenzhen will also focus on building a new type of public kindergarten. This year, we will formulate a new type of public park construction plan, a new type of public park faculty compensation standard and a per capita funding basis. The newly-built government property rights kindergartens will be held as a new type of public parks, and the government property rights kindergartens that have expired will be fully reorganized into new public parks.

 

 

 

Privately-run degree increase subsidies 500,000 students benefit

 

The reason why Shenzhen can try its best to meet the needs of the citizens to “learn and study hard” is inseparable from the flourishing development of private education.

 

The data shows that Shenzhen private primary and secondary schools accounted for 35.7%, private kindergartens accounted for 96%, the two ratios are the highest in the country's big cities, private education in Shenzhen occupied "half of the country."

 

“Compared to the home school, the learning atmosphere here is better, and my favorite foreign teacher class.” In Baoan District, I turned to the experimental school and went to the seventh grade with Hu Zhiming, who came to Shenzhen from my hometown in Hubei. He studied at a private school in the provincial level for two years. He not only has excellent academic performance, but also mastered erhu skills such as erhu and tennis.

 

Hu Zhiming learned to be happy, and his parents also relieved a lot of financial burdens because of a thoughtful "big gift package" sent by Shenzhen. From 2017 onwards, the subsidy standard for private education in Shenzhen has been raised. The primary school has increased from 5,000 yuan to 7,000 yuan per year, and the number of junior high school students has increased from 6,000 yuan to 9,000 yuan per year. A total of nearly 500,000 private school students benefited from the city. This subsidy goes directly to the student's parent's bank account without going through the school.

 

“The government supports private education very much.” Li Jing, vice president of Shenzhen Rising Education Group and president of the Turning Experimental School, said that in Shenzhen, the subsidy for facilities and equipment for private primary and secondary schools was more than 900 million yuan. And every two years to issue quality and standardized private school awards. In the past five years, Shenzhen has supported more than 6.2 billion yuan in funding for private primary and secondary schools.

 

The key to developing private education is teachers. In recent years, Shenzhen has arranged training funds for private primary and secondary school teachers according to the standard of 1,300 yuan per person per year, and provides free training for private primary and secondary school full-time teachers, class teachers, middle management personnel, and principals. Since 2017, the long-term subsidy standard for private primary and secondary schools and kindergartens has increased by 50%.

 

In addition, Shenzhen strengthens support, guidance and supervision of weak private schools by strengthening daily supervision, supervision and evaluation, and strengthening support policy orientation; encouraging high-quality private schools to be grouped and integrated, and giving priority to encouraging and supporting high-quality private schools and high-end international Chemical schools; strengthen standardized management, and supervise private schools in supporting key areas such as fund use and security to ensure campus safety.

 

 

 

The rapid rise of the doorstep "high-level university group"

 

Southern University of Science and Technology sent good news in the past two days. In the results of the 2017 degree authorization review announced by the Ministry of Education, the school plans to be added as a doctoral degree-granting unit. This means that this young “post-10” university may be able to train doctoral students, which will inject important force into Shenzhen's implementation of innovation-driven development strategy.

 

In recent years, the breakthrough of Shenzhen's higher education has caused widespread concern in the whole society: Shenzhen University has built a high-level university for three years and has entered the ranks of the world's fastest-growing universities. It is known as “deep speed”; Shenzhen Beili Moscow University Less than one year from the approval of the establishment to the formal enrollment, the first batch of 118 undergraduate students and 28 graduate students were ushered in 2017; Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen) was approved to carry out undergraduate education, becoming the first place in Shenzhen to start undergraduate courses. 985” colleges; Sun Yat-Sen University Shenzhen Campus initially completed campus planning and design, and the annual enrollment exceeded 2,000 people...

 

“There are studies showing that the GDP of the city is positively correlated with the number of universities in the city, with a correlation of nearly 70%. As a large city with a per capita GDP of more than 24,000 US dollars and a population of over 10 million, Shenzhen has built a high-level higher education system. It is necessary to speed up the pace.” Zhang Jihong said that Shenzhen issued a number of “Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Higher Education” in 2016, and proposed that 20 universities will reach 20 in 2025, and the number of students in school will reach 250,000. At present, Shenzhen is also revising the “Implementation Measures for Pengcheng Scholars Program of Shenzhen Higher Education School” to further strengthen the construction of high-level talents in schools.

 

The cooperative effect of “high-level university group” and Shenzhen innovation power has gradually emerged. For example, in the first batch of the first batch of Guangdong laboratories, the “Shenzhen Network Space Science and Technology Guangdong Laboratory” was based on Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen) as the main supporting unit, and cooperated with Tsinghua University, Peking University and Shenzhen University. , Southern University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong Chinese University (Shenzhen), China Aerospace Science and Technology Group, China Electronic Information Industry Group, Shenzhen National Supercomputer Center, Huawei Technologies, ZTE, Tencent and other units.

 

In addition, Shenzhen vigorously develops vocational education at the undergraduate level and above. Shenzhen University of Technology has passed the assessment and evaluation of the provincial colleges and universities. In 2017, the first batch of 226 undergraduates were recruited by Shenzhen University. And support Shenzhen Vocational and Technical College and Shenzhen Information Technology College from the domestic first-class to the international first-class. It also strengthened international cooperation with vocational education in Germany, Switzerland and other countries, and explored in-depth cooperation between schools and enterprises through legislation, finance and grouping.

 

The relevant person in charge of the Shenzhen Municipal Education Bureau said that this year Shenzhen plans to increase the construction of high-level universities such as Shenzhen University and Southern University of Science and Technology, and strive to integrate Shenzhen Beili Moscow University and Hong Kong Chinese University (Shenzhen) into the second phase of high-level university construction in Guangdong Province. plan. At the same time, it is necessary to speed up the promotion of the famous campuses and featured colleges in China, and strive to formally set up the Shenzhen University of Technology, and start the “Shenzhen-MIT Alliance” and the Shenzhen Design Institute.

 

 

 

Number

 

The number of senior teachers and special teachers in Shenzhen ranks first in the province.

 

In the past five years, 163,000 primary and secondary school degrees and 173,000 kindergarten degrees have been added. More than 70% of compulsory education degrees have been provided to non-local students, solving the needs of the children of the largest immigrant cities in the country. Among them, in 2017, 40,000 public compulsory education degrees and 6,600 high school degrees were added, the number being the highest in the past five years.

 

The standardization rate of public compulsory education standard schools is 100%, and the number of senior teachers and special teachers ranks first in the province.

 

In 2017, a total of 2,963 Hong Kong and Macao children were enrolled in public schools.

 

Starting from 2017, the number of privately-run compulsory education degree subsidy standard primary schools will increase from 5,000 yuan to 7,000 yuan per year, and the number of junior high schools will increase from 6,000 yuan to 9,000 yuan per year. The long-term subsidy standard for private primary and secondary schools and kindergartens will increase by 50%. Ten thousand private school students and 40,000 teachers in the park benefited.

 

There are more than 200 studios, masters and universities of education and scientific research, and nearly 2,000 foreign teachers have been hired in the city.

 

A total of 250 sister schools in Shenzhen (Hong Kong) (239) and Shenzhen (11) schools were concluded.

 

The city's public primary and secondary schools are 100% equipped with multimedia network classrooms. The education cloud supermarket has 310 electronic teaching materials, 15,000 micro-courses, 170,000 electronic courseware, and 2 million test questions. The five districts have become the experimental zone for the balanced development of compulsory education in information technology in Guangdong Province.

 

 

 

Interview

 

Zhang Jihong, Director of Shenzhen Education Bureau: By 2030, the main development indicators of education have reached the international advanced level.

 

In 2013, Shenzhen took the lead in becoming an advanced city in Guangdong Province to promote education modernization. Over the years, it has actively built a world-class innovative open modern education system. What are the leading educational reform and innovation practices in the “Innovation Capital” in Shenzhen? Nanfang Daily reporter interviewed Zhang Jihong, director of the Shenzhen Municipal Education Bureau.

 

Nanfang Daily: What positive role has education modernization played in the process of innovation city and governance in Shenzhen?

 

Zhang Jihong: The party’s report on the 19th National Congress emphasized that priority should be given to the development of education. The Shenzhen Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government have always taken the priority of implementing education and accelerating the modernization of education as a firm move to build a modern, international and innovative city.

 

Education modernization provides important talent support for urban economic and social development, and is also the fundamental guarantee for the construction of innovative cities and the enhancement of comprehensive competitiveness of cities. In recent years, the Shenzhen Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government have vigorously promoted the modernization of education, especially the innovation and development of higher education, and made every effort to build an important higher education center in the south. The purpose is to support the innovation advantages and enhance the stamina of urban development.

 

Education modernization is also an important part of improving people's livelihood and improving city quality. In the new era, Shenzhen has the necessary and responsible responsibilities, as well as the conditions and advantages to take the lead in realizing education modernization. The Shenzhen Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government will thoroughly implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, expand the scale, improve quality, complement the shortcomings with an international vision and modernization standards, accelerate the construction of an innovative open modern urban education system, and take the lead in realizing educational modernization. Exploring experience in the construction of education modernization in the province.

 

Nanfang Daily: In the process of promoting education modernization, what are the leading reform and innovation measures in Shenzhen and the whole country?

 

Zhang Jihong: In terms of higher education, Shenzhen issued the “Several Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Higher Education”, insisting on the coordinated development of existing universities and new universities, and the simultaneous construction of larger universities and characteristic colleges, and the simultaneous promotion of general higher education and vocational higher education. Focus on the development of large-scale (10,000-person-scale) undergraduate level universities, focusing on science and engineering, medical disciplines and majors. We are also revising the Implementation Measures for the Pengcheng Scholars Program of Shenzhen Higher Education Institution to further strengthen the construction of high-level talents in Shenzhen schools.

 

In terms of basic education, Shenzhen strengthens supervision and supervision, and considers the construction of public education for compulsory education and the annual performance appraisal of district committees and district governments, and strengthens the assessment of school-running level. During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, Shenzhen plans to newly renovate and expand 16 public high schools and 170 public compulsory education schools. It is expected to increase the number of 238,300 degrees, and improve the planning and coordination mechanism for educational land use, optimize the public service policy and point admission system for compulsory education. Wait.

 

In addition, the construction of the teaching staff will be strengthened, a number of famous principals and teachers will be introduced, the principal system will be promoted in depth, the teacher system training mechanism will be optimized, and the construction of the principals of private schools will be strengthened.

 

In view of the imperfect vocational education training system and the unsound environment of the production and education integration policy, Shenzhen vigorously develops vocational education at the undergraduate level and above, accelerates the construction of Shenzhen Technical University, and develops professional vocational education with high quality. Combine regional industries, promote the deep integration of production and education, and truly stimulate the enthusiasm of enterprises and industries to participate in vocational education through policies and measures such as legislation, finance and grouping.

 

Nanfang Daily: Entering a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, how does Shenzhen plan to continue to promote education modernization in depth?

 

Zhang Jihong: The next three years will be the key period for Shenzhen to build a modern international and innovative city and an international technology and industrial innovation center. The orientation of urban development puts forward a new task for the development of education. The continuous growth of population size poses a new challenge to public education services. The urgent need for the children of the citizens to “go to school” has put forward new expectations for the quality of education. This is also a major development of education reform in Shenzhen. Strategic opportunity period.

 

Shenzhen will speed up the construction of an international open and innovative higher education system; strive to build a balanced and high-quality development mechanism for basic education; build a world-class modern vocational education system; vigorously build a new system for preschool education development with a new type of public park as the core; actively promote private The development of high quality education. By 2030, the level of education modernization will be further improved, and the main development indicators will reach the international advanced level.

 

 

 

Case

 

Harbin Institute of Technology

 

Into Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen), Zhang Nan is the only female doctoral student in the team of up to 60 people in the Key Laboratory of Micro-Nano Information System Theory and Technology Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

 

Last year, she was selected by the China Science and Technology Association for the 2017 “Future Women Scientists Program” by virtue of the cutting-edge research results in the field of new semiconductor materials, and represented China in the “World's Most Potential Female Scientists” selection.

 

“I came to Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen) in 2013 and I got strict research and training. Thanks to the innovation and vitality of Shenzhen, I have had a lot of research inspiration with Shenzhen technology companies.” Zhang Nan said.

 

Harbin Institute of Technology


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